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The following section presents the answers to an ever-expanding range of frequently asked questions which have been raised by candidates and clients, and which we believe you may find useful.

If you don’t find the answer that you are looking for below, please contact us, and we will help out where we can.  If we feel that your question may also be helpful to others, we’ll add it to our list.

How do I deal with bleeding wounds?

Wounds can be very minor or they can be very serious.

With any wound please protect yourself from further harm and cross infection and wear gloves.

Use the following principles to help you assess the severity of the bleed.

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What do I do if someone chokes?

What is choking?

Choking occurs when the airways get blocked as a result of inhaling something accidentally. Food, sweets and small objects such as Lego and tops of pens are common causes of choking.

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How do I treat someone who has fainted?

What is a faint?

Fainting is  a sudden, temporary loss of consciousness which results in the casualty falling. It happens when the blood flow to the brain is reduced. The brain requires a lot of oxygen to keep it functioning and any reduction in blood flow to the brain will result in fainting. Usually  someone will recover from a faint quickly, as once the casualty has fallen over blood flow to the brain is restored.

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How do I Use An AED?

AEDs or Automated External Defibrillators are medical devices that can deliver a controlled electric shock to a patient who has gone into cardiac arrest. They can be either semi automatic, whereby the user has to push a button to activate the shock or fully automatic, where the machine generates the shock automatically.

What is the difference between a Heart Attack and a Cardiac Arrest?

Heart Attack vs Cardiac Arrest?

Although the terms are often used interchangeably, in fact a cardiac arrest and a heart attack are two entirely different situations.  A heart attack is the most common cause of cardiac arrest.

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What is a Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac Arrest is…

Cardiac arrest is the medical term used when your heart has stopped working effectively as a pump to pump blood containing oxygen around the body.

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How do I do CPR?

The below article gives information and useful links on recognising and responding to a Cardiac Arrest.

Main Symptom

  • Patient will be collapsed, unresponsive and NOT BREATHING NORMALLY

What should I do if I’m NOT trained as a first aider?

  1. First check for Danger – Is it safe for you to go near the person?
  2. Check Response – shake and shout at them do they respond to you?

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What are the symptoms and treatment of heart attacks?

Heart Attacks – Symptoms and Treatment

The main symptoms of a heart attack are:

  • chest pain that may feel as if the chest is being squeezed hard and may radiate up into the jaw, down the arms and through to the back
  • shortness of breath
  • overwhelming anxiety

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What is CPR?

CPR – Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

CPR is…

CPR is the abbreviation for Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation. It is defined by the Collins English Dictionary (full version) as:

“an emergency measure to revive a patient whose heart as stopped beating, in which compressions applied with the hands to the patient’s chest are alternated with mouth to mouth respiration” .

Indications for commencing CPR are an unconscious casualty who is unresponsive and not breathing normally.

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