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The below article gives information and useful links on recognising and responding to a Cardiac Arrest.

Main Symptom

  • Patient will be collapsed, unresponsive and NOT BREATHING NORMALLY

What should I do if I’m NOT trained as a first aider?

  1. First check for Danger – Is it safe for you to go near the person?
  2. Check Response – shake and shout at them do they respond to you?
  3. Shout for Help
  4. Open their Airway – tilt their head back and using 2 fingers lift the chin.  This moves the tongue out of the way
  5. Check their Breathing – Look listen and feel for up to 10 seconds for NORMAL breathing
  6. If person not breathing normally or making less than 2 breaths in 10 seconds , their heart has stopped working effectively. Dial  999 or 112 and state non breathing casualty, and give your location.
  7. If an AED (defibrillator) is available, use it. The machines tell you what to do and are simple to use. They will not shock unless they need to.
  8. Either way Commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) immediately

CPR Process (non first aider)

  • Expose the chest and place the heel of your hand in the centre of the breastbone
  • Place the other hand on top of the first and lock your fingers.
  • Press down hard to a depth of 5-6 cm and release, keeping your hand in contact with the chest. Repeat the compressions. Try to compress at a rate of 2 compressions/second.
  • Continue with chest compressions until help arrives, you are too exhausted or patient begins to breath normally again.
  • If there is more than one rescuer present – take turns every 2 minutes.

What should I do if I AM trained as a first aider?

  1. First check for Danger – Is it safe for you to go near the person?
  2. Check Response – shake and shout at them do they respond to you?
  3. Shout for Help
  4. Open their Airway – tilt their head back and using 2 fingers lift the chin.  This moves the tongue out of the way
  5. Check their Breathing – Look listen and feel for up to 10 seconds for NORMAL breathing
  6. If person not breathing normally or making less than 2 breaths in 10 seconds , their heart has stopped working effectively. Dial  999 or 112 and state non breathing casualty, and give your location.
  7. If an AED (defibrillator) is available, use it. The machines tell you what to do and are simple to use. They will not shock unless they need to.
  8. Either way Commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) immediately

CPR Process (trained first aider)

  • Expose the chest and place the heel of your hand in the centre of the breastbone
  • Place the other hand on top of the first and lock your fingers.
  • Press down hard to a depth of 5-6 cm and release, keeping your hand in contact with the chest. Repeat the compressions. Try to compress at a rate of 2 compressions/second.
  • Give 2 rescue breaths making sure you open the airway each time.
  • Repeat the cycle of
    • 30 compressions
    • 2 breaths
      until help arrives or you are too exhausted to continue or your patient wakes up and is breathing normally again
  • If there is more than one rescuer present – take turns every 2 minutes.

Useful resources:

First Aid Training

A range of training courses is available to help you learn CPR and other key life saving skills, including:

Other Resources

 

HTS Training have made all reasonable efforts to ensure the accuracy of this information. However, there may be occasional and inadvertent errors. HTS Training therefore make no warranty, either express or implied, and accept no liability for any inaccuracies or omissions, nor for any decisions based on the information contained herein. Such decisions remain the responsibility of the reader. We would always recommend undertaking regular first aid training, and following the latest guidance provided as a part of that course.