RIDDOR, which stands for Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations is the legislation which controls which workplace accidents, injuries and illnesses you should report, and how you should report them.
In this post, we give you a simplified overview of these instructions, and point you in the direction of more detailed information when and where you need it.
Please note that regulations do change over time, and it is possible for errors to creep in. So please make sure that you always also refer to the HSE’s own online version of the regulations “Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013”, which you'll find on the HSE's website. It is the HSE's document which you should use as the definitive instruction on dealing with reportable incidents in the workplace.
The new RIDDOR 2013 regulations came into force on 1st October 2013. The changes were aimed at simplifying the reporting requirements for employers.
No significant changes were made to the reporting requirements for:
So, what is RIDDOR?
RIDDOR is the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995, Revised 2013.
Employers, the self-employed and those in control of premises are required by law to report specified workplace incidents, such as work-related deaths, specified injuries, 7-day injuries (those causing more than seven day’s inability to carry out normal duties), work related diseases, and dangerous occurrences (near miss accidents).
Ok - you know what an accident is... but what does it mean in the context of RIDDOR?
It is a separate, identifiable, unintended incident that causes physical injury and specifically includes acts of non-consensual violence to people at work.
An over-3-day injury is where the employee or self-employed person is away from work or unable to perform their normal work duties for more than 3 consecutive days, excluding the day they were injured but including rest days and holidays.
An over-7-day injury is equivalent, but is where the person is away or unable to perform normal duties for more than 7 consecutive days.
You could describe dangerous occurrences as 'near-miss' events - something that happened which could have resulted in serious injury or death.
It is a legal requirement to report incidents and ill health at work and the information gathered enables the Health & Safety Executive (HSE) and other agencies to gather information about how and why risks arise and to investigate serious incidents. This enables a variety of agencies the opportunity to work together to make workplaces safer and thus prevent accidents and illness from occurring
The legislation tells you:
It also helps you to plan your recording processes, and as a result, gives you the information you need to reduce the number of such incidents in the future.
Employers, the self-employed and those in control of premises are required by law to report specified workplace incidents, such as work-related deaths, specified injuries, over-7-day injuries, work related diseases, and dangerous occurrences (near miss accidents).
The following outlines the rules over whether different types of occurrences need to be reported.
RIDDOR rules use three tests to determine whether an injury is reportable:
1. Was it an accident which caused the injury?
For an incident to be considered as an accident, it needs to have an identifiable, external event which causes the injury. For example, a broken leg caused by a collision with a forklift truck would be an accident. A bad back caused by bending down would not be considered an accident.
2. Was it work related?
To decide whether an accident was work related, you need to consider whether any of the following were a factor:
3. Was the injury itself reportable?
If they also meet the first two criteria, the following injuries are considered reportable
Specified injuries , RIDDOR 2013:
Not all incidents are reportable but all work activities are regulated by RIDDOR. Incidents must be reported within 10 days of their occurrence.
There are specific regulations affecting dif